The station and railroad proved strategic during the American Civil War
, both for troop movement and for transport and storage of military supplies. The wood frame depot changed hands and was destroyed at least three times. On July 20, 1862, John Mosby
was captured by Union cavalry under Brigadier General Rufus King
while waiting for a train. Later versions of the incident disagree as to whether Mosby was trying to convey information to his commander, General Stonewall Jackson
in Richmond, or taking brief leave toward his parents' home in Lynchburg, Virginia
, but all agree that Mosby was soon released as part of the war's first prisoner exchange, as well as that the Union raiders burnt the depot to destroy supplies, as well as cut the strategic telegraph line.
By the war's end only 5 miles of Virginia Central tracks remained usable.
The Beaverdam station and associated warehouse were among the railroad's first five rebuilt structures; the current station was completed in 1866. The Virginia Central Railroad continued expanding and by the 1880s became part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
system. The segregated waiting room was constructed around 1910, after the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Chiles v. Chesapeake & Ohio Railway
, since Virginia's legislature required segregation of white and "colored" passengers after the Plessy v. Ferguson
decision in 1896 allowed "separate but equal" facilities.